Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Alisha: In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Arabic learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Alisha: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question ""Whose is this?"" In Arabic this is
Carole: لمن هذا؟
Alisha: The first word in the question is
Carole: لمن
Alisha: ""meaning whose"" in English.
Carole: (Slow, by syllable) لمن
Alisha: Listen again and repeat.
Carole: لمن
{Pause}
Alisha: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Carole: هذا
Alisha: meaning this.
Carole: (Slow, by syllable) هذا
Alisha: Now repeat.
Carole: هذا
{Pause}
Alisha: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Carole: لمن هذا
{pause}
Alisha: Master the following pattern and responses to the question Whose is this??
Carole: إنه لي
Alisha: ""It's mine.. Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Carole: (Slow) إنه لي
{pause}
Alisha: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word:
Carole: إنه
Alisha: means It's.
Carole: (Slow, by syllable) إنه
Alisha: Now repeat
Carole: إنه
{Pause}
Alisha: And next
Carole: لي
Alisha: meaning to me.
Carole: (Slow, by syllable) لي
Alisha: Now repeat.
Carole: لي
{Pause}
Alisha: Listen to the speaker say, It's mine., and then repeat.
Carole: إنه لي
{pause}
Alisha: To expand on the pattern, replace mine with my brother's.
Carole: لأخي
Alisha: my brother's
Carole: (slow) لأخي (regular) لأخي
Alisha: Listen to the phrase again, this time with my brother's
Carole: إنه لأخي
Alisha: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace mine. Say It's my brother's.
{pause}
Carole: إنه لأخي
Alisha: To expand on the pattern, replace my brother's with my dad's.
Carole: لأبي
Alisha: my dad's
Carole: (slow) لأبي (regular) لأبي
Alisha: Listen to the phrase again, this time with my dad's
Carole: إنه لأبي
Alisha: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace my brother's. Say It's my dad's.
{pause}
Carole: إنه لأبي
Alisha: To use a different phrase, replace my dad's with my mom's.
Carole: لأمي
Alisha: my mom's
Carole: (slow) لأمي (regular) لأمي
Alisha: Listen to the phrase again, this time with my mom's
Carole: إنه لأمي
Alisha: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace my dad's. Say It's my mom's.
{pause}
Carole: إنه لأمي
QUIZ
Alisha: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting Egypt, and someone asks you who something belongs to. You want to say It's mine.. Respond to the question.
Carole: لمن هذا؟ (five seconds) إنه لي
Alisha: Now, you want to say it's It's my brother's. Respond to the question.
Carole: لمن هذا؟ (five seconds) إنه لأخي
Alisha: Now, you want to say it's It's my dad's.. . Answer the speaker's question.
Carole: لمن هذا؟ (five seconds) إنه لأبي
Alisha: Now, you want to say It's my mom's.. Respond to the question.
Carole: لمن هذا؟ (five seconds) إنه لأمي
Alisha: Imagine that you find something, and you want to know who it belongs to. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
Carole: لمن هذا؟

Outro

Alisha: This is the end of Lesson 23

5 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Please give your answer to the question below!

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:39 PM
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Hi Grant,


Oh that must've caused some confusion! It should be Innahu. I'll fix the PDF right away.


Thanks for your feedback! And being accused of using slang is definitely progress haha :D Keep up the good work!


Nora

Team ArabicPod101.com

Grant Goodman
Monday at 12:28 PM
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Given the explanation below, why does the PDF say innaha and the speaker innahu? I have noticed this lack of standardisation in some of the other lessons. I usually take the speakers lead not that in the PDF guide.


I am now getting accused of using Egyptian slang in my Arabic so I guess that is progress:)


Masallama


Grant from Qatar

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Monday at 08:35 PM
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Hi Rasheed,


Li indicates possession. It indicates that a certain object belongs to someone, just like the apostrophe S for possession in English. So when I say "Haza al kitab li akhi", it means "This book belongs to my brother" or "This book is my brother's". However, when we say "innahu akhi", this plainly means "He is my brother". It's a normal subject-object sentence. Makes sense?


Hope this helped clear the confusion!


Nora

TeamArabicPod101.com

Rasheed
Sunday at 12:18 AM
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Can you help me further understand Li.. When we say my brothers we say li aki.. but when we say it is my brothers we say inahu aki.. Why the difference?