Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Alisha: In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Arabic learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Alisha: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question ""What's the weather like in Cairo?"" In Arabic this is
Carole: كيف حالة الجو في القاهرة؟
Alisha: The first word in the question is
Carole: كيف
Alisha: ""meaning how"" in English.
Carole: (Slow, by syllable) كيف
Alisha: Listen again and repeat.
Carole: كيف
{Pause}
Alisha: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Carole: حالة
Alisha: meaning condition.
Carole: (Slow, by syllable) حالة
Alisha: Now repeat.
Carole: حالة
{Pause}
Alisha: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Carole: كيف حالة
{pause}
Alisha: Next is
Carole: الجو
Alisha: meaning weather.
Carole: (Slow, by syllable) الجو
Alisha: Now repeat.
Carole: الجو
{Pause}
Alisha: Listen to the the first 3 words of the question and repeat.
Carole: كيف حالة الجو؟
{pause}
Alisha: And after that
Carole: في
Alisha: meaning in.
Carole: (Slow, by syllable) في
Alisha: Now repeat.
Carole: في
{Pause}
Alisha: Listen to the the first 4 words of the question and repeat.
Carole: كيف حالة الجو في
{pause}
Alisha: And after that
Carole: القاهرة
Alisha: meaning Cairo.
Carole: (Slow, by syllable) القاهرة
Alisha: Now repeat.
Carole: القاهرة
{Pause}
Alisha: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Carole: كيف حالة الجو في القاهرة؟
{pause}
Alisha: Master the following pattern and responses to the question What's the weather like in Cairo??
Carole: إنه مشمس
Alisha: ""It's sunny.. Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Carole: (Slow) إنه مشمس
{pause}
Alisha: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word:
Carole: إنه
Alisha: means It's.
Carole: (Slow, by syllable) إنه
Alisha: Now repeat
Carole: إنه
{Pause}
Alisha: And after that
Carole: مشمس
Alisha: meaning sunny.
Carole: (Slow, by syllable) مشمس
Alisha: Now repeat.
Carole: مشمس
{Pause}
Alisha: Listen to the speaker say, It's sunny., and then repeat.
Carole: إنه مشمس
{pause}
Alisha: To make another phrase, replace sunny with hot.
Carole: حار
Alisha: hot
Carole: (slow) حار (regular) حار
Alisha: Listen to the phrase again, this time with hot
Carole: إنه حار
Alisha: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace sunny. Say It's hot.
{pause}
Carole: إنه حار
Alisha: To use a different phrase, replace hot with warm.
Carole: دافئ
Alisha: warm
Carole: (slow) دافئ (regular) دافئ
Alisha: Listen to the phrase again, this time with warm
Carole: إنه دافئ
Alisha: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace hot. Say It's warm.
{pause}
Carole: إنه دافئ
Alisha: To expand on the pattern, replace warm with rainy.
Carole: ممطر
Alisha: rainy
Carole: (slow) ممطر (regular) ممطر
Alisha: Listen to the phrase again, this time with rainy
Carole: إنه ممطر
Alisha: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace warm. Say It's rainy.
{pause}
Carole: إنه ممطر
QUIZ
Alisha: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting Egypt and someone asks you What's the weather like in Cairo?. You want to say it's sunny. Respond to the question.
Carole: كيف حالة الجو في القاهرة؟ (five seconds) إنه مشمس
Alisha: Now you want to say it's hot Respond to the question.
Carole: كيف حالة الجو في القاهرة؟ (five seconds) إنه حار
Alisha: You want to say it's warm. . Answer the speaker's question.
Carole: كيف حالة الجو في القاهرة؟ (five seconds) إنه دافئ
Alisha: You want to say it's rainy. Respond to the question.
Carole: كيف حالة الجو في القاهرة؟ (five seconds) إنه ممطر
Alisha: You want to ask someone what the weather is like. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
Carole: كيف حالة الجو في القاهرة؟
{pause}

Outro

Alisha: This is the end of Lesson 20

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