Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Becky: Hi everyone, and welcome to ArabicPod101.com This is Lower Intermediate, Season 1 Lesson 1 - Preparing for a Deadline in Egypt. I’m Becky.
Nora: هاي I'm Nora.
Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use the future tense. The conversation takes place during a meeting about an upcoming deadline.
Nora: It's between Saleem and Fadia, who are employees, and their Boss, Mr. Abboud.
Becky: The speakers are in a meeting with their boss, so they will be using formal Egyptian Arabic. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
سليم: الديدلاين بتاع المشروع قرب! لازم نوزع المهام علينا عشان نلحق الديدلاين.
عبود: صح. سليم, إنت هتتولى العلاقات مع العملاء خلال العملية. فادية ,إنت هتبقي مسئولة عن الجرد. نسيم هيتولى الجانب التقني من العملية عشان هو ده تخصصة. نسيم فين؟
فادية: ماعرفش. أعتقد أنه ف أجازة و ماعرفش هيرجع إمتى.
سليم: أنا هتصل بنسيم حالاً و أعرف هيرجع إمتى.
عبود: طب مبدئياً قولله يشوف الإيميل كل شوية. حلاوة التكنولوجيا إننا ممكن نشتغل من أي حته!
Becky: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
سليم: الديدلاين بتاع المشروع قرب! لازم نوزع المهام علينا عشان نلحق الديدلاين.
عبود: صح. سليم, إنت هتتولى العلاقات مع العملاء خلال العملية. فادية ,إنت هتبقي مسئولة عن الجرد. نسيم هيتولى الجانب التقني من العملية عشان هو ده تخصصة. نسيم فين؟
فادية: ماعرفش. أعتقد أنه ف أجازة و ماعرفش هيرجع إمتى.
سليم: أنا هتصل بنسيم حالاً و أعرف هيرجع إمتى.
عبود: طب مبدئياً قولله يشوف الإيميل كل شوية. حلاوة التكنولوجيا إننا ممكن نشتغل من أي حته!
Becky: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Saleem: The deadline is rapidly approaching on this project. We should start delegating the tasks at hand.
Mr. Abboud: Yes, indeed. Saleem, you should manage client relations at every step of the process. Fadia, you are responsible for inventory. Naseem will manage the technical aspects of the project because that is his specialty. Where is Naseem?
Fadia: I don't know. I think he went on vacation and I am not sure when he will be back.
Saleem: I'll call Naseem right away and find out when he will return.
Mr. Abboud: Yes, and in the meantime, tell him to be checking his email. The beauty of technology is that we can work from anywhere!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Becky: Nora, have you ever worked in an Egyptian company?
Nora: Yes, I have.
Becky: What kind of language is used in Egyptian offices?
Nora: Well, in Egypt and many parts of the Arab world, and especially in companies, people have started using the English equivalents of Arabic words.
Becky: What do you mean?
Nora: For example, people use the word "deadline," and many other words like "email," "project," "contact," and "HR." If you said them in Arabic, they would sound very stiff and awkward.
Becky: Oh, so that’s why the English equivalent is used.
Nora: Exactly. Words like "senior/junior," "brand," "overtime," "log in," "location", “client”, and many others are often used in Egypt – especially in the bigger cities like Cairo and Alexandria.
Becky: So listeners, if you use these words, you will sound very natural. And this is useful vocabulary for your daily life and work! Nora, can you give us an example sentence?
Nora: Sure!
منير, السينيور مانيجر عايزك.
Becky: "Mounir, the senior manager wants you."
VOCAB LIST
Becky: Now, let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Nora: بتاع [natural native speed]
Becky: possessive marker
Nora: بتاع [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nora: بتاع [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Nora: المشروع [natural native speed]
Becky: project
Nora: المشروع [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nora: المشروع [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Nora: لازم [natural native speed]
Becky: necessary
Nora: لازم [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nora: لازم [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Nora: عشان [natural native speed]
Becky: because, in order to
Nora: عشان [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nora: عشان [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Nora: صح [natural native speed]
Becky: that's true, you're right
Nora: صح [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nora: صح [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Nora: مسئول [natural native speed]
Becky: to be responsible for
Nora: مسئول [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nora: مسئول [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Nora: ماعرفش [natural native speed]
Becky: I don't know
Nora: ماعرفش [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nora: ماعرفش [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Nora: أعتقد [natural native speed]
Becky: I think
Nora: أعتقد [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nora: أعتقد [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Nora: أجازة [natural native speed]
Becky: vacation
Nora: أجازة [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nora: أجازة [natural native speed]
Becky: And last..
Nora: طب [natural native speed]
Becky: ok
Nora: طب [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nora: طب [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Becky: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is..
Nora: بتاع
Becky: This is a "possessive marker" used to indicate ownership.
Nora: You insert this word between an item and its possessor, and if the item is a feminine noun, you should use بتاعت instead.
Becky: Is it used to show possession in the case of both animate and inanimate objects?
Nora: It is! It can be used for basic possessive phrases, such as "the boy's book," and also phrases like "the project's deadline."
Becky: In English, that might normally be expressed using "project" as an adjective, "project deadline," rather than as part of a possessive phrase. Is this a common construction in the Egyptian dialect?
Nora: Yes, using a possessive structure to express adjectives is very common in the Egyptian dialect.
Becky: Can you give us an example using this word?
Nora: Sure. For example, you can say..
القطة بتاعت صحبتي
Becky: ..which means "My friend’s cat"
Becky: Okay, what's the next word?
Nora: عشان
Becky: meaning "because, in order to"
Nora: This word is inserted in a sentence to connect two ideas.
Becky: Can this word be used to express both reason and purpose?
Nora: Yes, you can also use ashan, when you want to express reason, by saying عشانك, عشانه, عشانها
Becky: Which means, "I'm doing this for you" or "for your/his/her sake" . Can you give us another example using this word?
Nora: Sure. For example, you can say.. إنت ماشي ليه؟ - عشان إتأخرت
Becky: .. which means "Why are you leaving? - Because I'm late." Okay, what's the next word?
Nora: صح
Becky: meaning "true, yes". Is this a common word in the Egyptian dialect?
Nora: It is. In Egypt, it’s used to show agreement while someone else is speaking, and also at the beginning of a response to someone.
Becky: Is it similar to the English "right" or "true"?
Nora: Yes! And it can be used in any level of formality in Egyptian conversation.
Becky: Can you give us an example using this word?
Nora: Sure. For example, you can say.. الجو حر أوي صح؟ - صح
Becky: .. which means "The weather is really hot, right? - ." Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Becky: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use the future tense to participate in a meeting and discuss an upcoming deadline. Nora, are there any useful rules for using the future tense in Arabic?
Nora: When you want to turn a verb into its future tense, you put a ha at the beginning of the verb in the present tense form.
Becky: Conjugating verbs in Arabic can be tough sometimes...
Nora: Yes, but there is some good news! In Egyptian Arabic, conjugating to the future tense is actually very easy.
Becky: A future tense sentence is very similar to a present tense sentence.
Nora: The only difference is the sound ha that is attached to the front of the verb.
Becky: In the dialogue, Saleem said he would call Naseem right away. Did he use the future there?
Nora: Yes, He used the same structure as the present tense, "I call" اتصل but just added the ha sound at the beginning of the verb to make it "I will call" هتصل. Notice that the alif just blends in with the ha sound in the pronunciation.
Becky: Are there other examples in the dialogue?
Nora: yes, He also used the future tense in the second part of the sentence in regards to when Naseem will return from vacation. “He returns” is يرجع, while “he will return” is هيرجع
Becky: So the structure is simple...
Nora: ...ha + simple present tense verb.
Becky: Before we dive into future tense, let's quickly review the simple present tense forms in Egyptian Arabic.
Nora: Sure, let’s use "to make"- عمل
Becky: Nora will say the Arabic, and I’ll say the English.
Nora: أنا أعمل
Becky: I make
Nora: انت تِعمل
Becky: You make (masculine)
Nora: انتي تِعملي
Becky: You make (feminine)
Nora: هو يِعمل
Becky: He makes
Nora: هي تِعمل
Becky: She makes
Nora: احنا نِعمل
Becky: We make
Nora: انتو تِعملوا
Becky: You make
Nora: هم يِعملوا
Becky: They make. Okay, next we will discuss the future tense. As we've said, it is as easy as adding ha to the beginning of these conjugations! Once again, Nora will say the Arabic, and I’ll give you the English meaning.
Nora: أنا هعمل
Becky: I will make
Nora: انت هَتِعمل
Becky: You will make (masculine)
Nora: انتي هَتِعملي
Becky: You will make (feminine)
Nora: هو هَيِعمل
Becky: He will make
Nora: هي هَتِعمل
Becky: She will make
Nora: احنا هَنِعمل
Becky: We will make
Nora: انتو هَتِعملوا
Becky: You will make
Nora: هم هَيِعملوا
Becky: They will make. Nora, can you give some examples with different verbs?
Nora: Sure! هتكتب
Becky: “she will write”
Nora: هنسوق
Becky: “we will drive”. Is there any other useful information we should know?
Nora: Here’s one last thing about conjugating verbs in Egyptian Arabic. You might be wondering why Saleem used the pronoun ana, meaning “I”, before the verb in the phrase أنا هتصل بنسيم meaning “I will call Naseem”, but did not use the pronoun howa, meaning “he,” when talking about Naseem in the phrase هيرجع (“he will return”). In Arabic, the conjugation of the verb occurs often enough for the listener to know who the subject is.
Becky: So in conversation, it is common to drop the pronoun unless it is necessary for clarity or emphasis, right?
Nora: That’s right!
Becky: Lastly, can you give us some sample sentences?
Nora: هتيجي معانا للسينما؟
Becky: "Are you going to come with us to the movie theater?"
Nora:السنة اللي جاية هرجع مصر ان شاء الله.
Becky: "Next year, I will return to Egypt, God willing."
Nora: بكرة انا هتفرج عالتليفزيون
Becky: "Tomorrow I will watch television."

Outro

Becky: Well, that’s all for this lesson. Be sure to check the lesson notes for more examples and explanations of this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Nora: شكرا مع السلامة

16 Comments

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ArabicPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Do you check your mail when you are on vacation?

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 07:54 PM
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Hi Asiya,


Thank you for your feedback! We will work on filling the gaps as much as possible. For now, it helps to the the lesson multiple times. You will recognize and memorize more content every time.


Nora

Team ArabicPod101.com

Asiya
Saturday at 09:57 AM
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Moving from level 2 Egyptian arabic to level 3, I felt this was a huge leap and very difficult. Also, I've been living in Egypt for two years!

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 11:22 PM
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Salaam Beverly Galal,


We are very sorry for the inconvenience. I will forward your feedback to our team for consideration.

If you have any further feedback or questions, we are glad to assist.


Kind regards,

Levente (ليفينتي)

Team ArabicPod101.com

Beverly Galal
Wednesday at 05:13 PM
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I agree with Shehazaad! To use a dictionary takes a lot of time and distracts from the lesson! Yes, the translation helps us know the meaning; however, that isn't the only reason for a vocabulary list. We benefit from hearing the words isolated from their context. We listen to them repeatedly to master them. This is your goal for us, is it not? Why not make it easier for us? Wouldn't you like to gain a reputation as THE place for learning Arabic? I see that Paulina in Lesson 2 also brought this to your attention. Thank you for the sentence examples with the vocabulary you have glossed from the lessons! You are doing a great job and we wish for you to succeed even more and attract more learners! Thank you and I hope you will consider posting more vocabulary with each lesson.

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 07:44 PM
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Hi Fabio,


Thank you for your message.


Please check out our lesson Learn Arabic Grammar:

https://www.arabicpod101.com/lesson/all-about-3-learn-arabic-grammar/


and Arabic Verbs: https://www.arabicpod101.com/arabic-verbs/


Our grammar bank allows searching and studying a specific topic (such as verbs) in case you need extra help with it:

https://www.arabicpod101.com/arabic-grammar/


Hope this helps!


Should you have any questions, please let us know.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team ArabicPod101.com

Fábio Mesquita
Thursday at 10:56 AM
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Oh please, help us!!!!!!!

We need begginer lessons about arabic verbs. Can you imagine non-natives speakers of English?

We started by learning verb to be and so on. But in this lesson "https://www.arabicpod101.com/lesson/learn-with-pictures-and-video-s3-3-top-20-arabic-verbs-1/" are recommend us to come to this lesson. That happened when a guy called MAt asked about arabic conjugation for beginners.


Please, I appreciate so much this website, but we need to get started on the very beginner verbs lessons.

I say that again: Please!

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 03:30 AM
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Hi Abdulhamid,


شكراً لك و بالتوفيق!


Nora

Team ArabicPod101.com

عبد الحميد خان
Friday at 07:06 PM
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لقد وجدت هذا الدرس مفيدًا وممتعًا للغاية. دلوقتي، بالنسبة لي، من الممكن التحدث في الزمن الحاضر والزمن المستقبل. أما بالنسبة إلى الماضي، فهل أحتاج إليها حقًا في هذا العصر التكنولوجيا؟

لازم عليّ إتقان المهام مثل النبرة واللهجة وكمان سرعة التكلم عشان الحق "الطلاقة".

أنا لا أقنط ولا أيئس، فهناك دروس كثيرة باقية ، والشيء المهم هو أنني في رفقة المدرسين مثلكم.

???

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 04:00 AM
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Hi JDL,


That's a tough question.


Iraqi Arabic is a unique dialect and it is very different from Egyptian Arabic, it is almost a different language.


It might be a good idea to work with our Standard Arabic lessons. That's the closest you can get.


Good luck!


Nora

Team ArabicPod101.com

JDL
Sunday at 11:20 AM
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Where can I find Iraqi Arabic? Is Egyptian Arabic similar to Iraqi Arabic?