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Lesson Transcript

Marḥaban ǧamīʿan, ʾanā Carole! Hi everybody! I’m Carole.
Welcome to ArabicPod101.com’s Al-ʿarabiyyah fi ṯalāṯi daqāʾiq. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Arabic.
In the last lesson, we learned how to talk about age without using any verbs. In this lesson we will learn how to use ladā, which is not a verb, to talk about things you own.
Let’s begin.
hal ladayka sayyārah? “Do you have a car?”
[slowly] hal ladayka sayyārah?
Let’s take a closer look at this question.
hal means “Do?” but is not a verb, ladayka means “you have?” in the 2nd person masculine singular but is not a verb, and sayyārah means “a car”. For a woman we should say ladayki instead of ladayka.
hal ladayki sayyārah?
So if you do have a car, how can you answer this question?
Just turn the word ladayka whose last two letters “-ka” show that you are talking in the 2nd person, into the 1st person—it’s really simple! You did it during the last lesson to talk about your age, remember?
“How old are you?” is Kam ʿumruka?
And we answered with ʿumrī...
So in this case, we go from hal ladayka sayyārah? to
Naʿam, ladayya sayyārah. “Yes, I have a car.”
[slowly] Naʿam, ladayya sayyārah.
So say, for example, that a classmate wants to borrow a pen from you. He might ask, hal ladayka qalam? Which is “Do you have a pen?”
If you only have a red pen, you can answer ladayya qalamun aḥmar. “I have a red pen.”
Okay, so now let’s look at another way to ask someone if he or she possesses something.
Instead of hal ladayka /ladayki, you’ll say hal tamluku? meaning “do you own/possess...”.
For example...
hal tamluku sayyārah? “Do you have a car?”
[slowly] hal tamluku sayyārah?
For a woman we say tamlukīna instead of tamluku so we will have:
hal tamlukīna sayyārah?
[slowly] hal tamlukīna sayyārah?
And the answer would be:
Naʿam, ʾamluku sayyārah.
Now it’s time for Carole’s tips.
If you want to say to someone that you don’t have the thing they asked you for, you should add the particle laysa before ladayya and lā before ʾamluku since ʾamluku is a verb and ladayya is not.
Next time we’ll learn how to say “I’m not” and “I don’t have”.
I'll be waiting for you with the details in the next Al-ʿarabiyyah fi ṯalāṯi daqāʾiq.
ʾilā al-liqāʾi qarīban!
See you soon!