Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Marḥaban ǧamīʿan, ʾanā Carole! Hi everybody! I’m Carole.
Welcome to ArabicPod101.com’s Al-ʿarabiyyah fi ṯalāṯi daqāʾiq. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Arabic.
In the last lesson we learned how to count dollars. Did you practice at home?
In this lesson, we're going to learn other useful tips to talk about your schedule—for example, if a friend asks you "What are you doing this weekend?"
Let’s start!
To ask a friend or someone you already know, you say:
māḏā satafʿalu ḫilāla ʿuṭlat nihāyati al-ʾusbūʿ?
[slowly] māḏā satafʿalu ḫilāla ʿuṭlat nihāyati al-ʾusbūʿ?
Let’s break it down.
māḏā → is "what".
satafʿalu is “are you going to do?”
ḫilāla is “during”
ʿuṭlat nihāyati al-ʾusbūʿ is “the weekend”
What if you’re not asking about this weekend? Asking about a different time period is as easy as replacing ḫilālaʿuṭlat nihāyati al-ʾusbūʿ ?
If you are asking about tomorrow or any other day of the week you can say – māḏā satafʿalu ġadan? (meaning “tomorrow”) or māḏā satafʿalu al-ṯulaṯāʾ (meaning “Tuesday”). The prefix “sa” can be added to any verb to indicate that the action is happening in the future.
Of course if you are talking to a woman you should change the ending of the verb “do” or satafʿalu into satafʿalīna.
māḏā satafʿalīna ḫilāla ʿuṭlat nihāyati al-ʾusbūʿ?
māḏā satafʿalīna ḫilāla ʿuṭlat nihāyati al-ʾusbūʿ?
So now, if someone asks you - māḏā satafʿalu ġadan? how can you answer?
Here is an example: ʾanā ḏāhibun ʾilā al-ʿamal. “I am going to work.” “ḏāhibun ” is used for male speakers and “ḏāhibatun” is used for female speakers.
ʾanā means “I”, ḏāhibun means "going", ʾilā means “to,” and al-ʿamal means "work". Feel free to replace "work" with any other location!
As we learned before, we can use the “sa” at the beginning of the verb to mean the future, so we can can say saʾ aḏhabu ʾilā al-ʿamal.
Now it’s time for Carole’s Tips.
In some Arab countries, such as Saudi Arabic and the United Arab Emirates, the weekend days are not Saturday and Sunday, but rather Thursday and Friday. In Syria, the weekend is only one day a week: Friday.
In this lesson we learned how to talk about your schedule. Next time we are going to learn how to tell people your nationality.
I'll be waiting for you in the next Al-ʿarabiyyah fi ṯalāṯi daqāʾiq.
ʾ arākum fi al-marrati al-muqbilah!
See you next time!