Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Simon: Hello and welcome back to the ArabicPod101.com, the fastest, easiest and most fun way to learn Arabic. I'm joined in the studio by Hala.
Hala: Hello, everyone. Hala here.
Simon: Welcome to Basic Boot Camp. This five pod series will help you ease your way into Arabic. We’ll go over all the basics that will really help you understand Arabic much quicker and easier, and we’ll have fun doing it.
Hala: Yes. In this lesson, you will learn how to use the all-important verb “to be” in Arabic. We’ll go over one of the essential building blocks of learning Arabic and that is word order in Arabic.
Simon: So let’s listen to these Arabic students talk about their nationality.
Hala: And while you’re listening, try to guess their nationalities.
DIALOGUE
هالة: أهلا ، أنا هالة ، أنا مصرية.
سايمون: أهلا، أنا سيمون ، أنا انجليزي.
Simon: Let’s hear it slowly now.
هالة: أهلا ، أنا هالة ، أنا مصرية.
سايمون: أهلا، أنا سيمون ، أنا انجليزي.
And now, let’s listen to the translation.
هالة: أهلا ، أنا هالة ، أنا مصرية.
Hala: Hello. I’m Hala. I’m Egyptian. (female)
سايمون: أهلا، أنا سيمون ، أنا انجليزي.
Simon: Hello. I’m Simon, I’m English. (male)
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Simon: Hala, where do you think most people who want to learn Arabic come from?
Hala: That would have been easy to answer before, but now with how important Arabic is becoming, we have demand from all over the world. Of course, USA and Europe takes the greatest [rate? 00:01:07], but also Japan, China, Russia are joining is with as much interest as the rest.
Simon: I believe that’s because it’s required in any political career for trading and commerce, for education and living in the Arabic countries, plus having big number of Arabic people living in any country.
Hala: Well said, Simon.
Simon: So my next question is this: what languages will help you learn Arabic if you already know them from before?
Hala: That would be all languages related to the Somatic family starting with Hebrew, Persian and Turkish.
Simon: Now this is very important to know: how will knowing English help learning Arabic?
Hala: English is not similar to Arabic, except in small things, but mostly it’s very different. The only way English will help you, I think, is making comparison between the two languages. It does make it easy somehow.
Simon: Well, apart from the grammar, does English help while learning Arabic?
Hala: Yes, I would say yes. In great deal as well as part of the changes that has happened recently we have more of what we call foreign words right now and many of it comes directly from English.
Simon: Such as? Can you give me an example?
Hala: That’s easy. We say “computer”, “laptop”, “cellphone”, “mobile”, “CD”, “DVD”. Do you see a pattern here?
Simon: Obviously all related to technology.
Hala: Correct. We hardly ever change any new vocab related to technology.
Simon: Brilliant. Well, what else can you tell me about it?
Hala: Well, we don’t do this with standard Arabic, but we are starting to use English words now in Arabic as part of our normal speech.
Simon: And how’s that?
Hala: We have two ways to do it. Just insert it as it is, for example I would say [ده كويس سو عايزة تاني] which means “That’s good so I want more”. We simply used “so” as part of the normal sentence here.
Simon: Interesting. Does it expand more than that?
Hala: Yes. We take English words and conjugate it into Arabic.
Simon: Conjugate it? Wow, are you serious?
Hala: Yes, that’s the effect of the media. For example, the word “cancel”, I would say [أنا حَكانسل] [ʾanā ḥakānsil] which means “I will cancel” or [أنا كنسلت] [ʾanā kansalit] which means “I have canceled and so on.
Simon: So knowing English will help.
Hala: For sure. Even if you don’t know a lot about Arabic, you will manage perfectly to find ways to communicate with people.
Simon: No complaints here, I'm already enjoying this.
Hala: I thought you would.
Simon: Now let’s take a closer look at the vocabulary used in this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Hala: [أنا] [ʾanā]
Simon: “I” or “I am”.
Hala: [أمريكي] [ʾamrīkī]
Simon: American.
Hala: [مصري] [maṣriī]
Simon: Egyptian.
Hala: [إنكليزي] [ʾinkilīzī]
Simon: English.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Simon: Now let’s take a closer look into these phrases of learning Arabic. Hala, how can I say “Egyptian” in Arabic.
Hala: Ok, [مصري] [maṣriī] and for a female [مصرية] [maṣriyah]. We will always have this E sound at the end for a male and [ea] for females.
Simon: So “Spanish” would be…
Hala: [إسباني] [ʾisbāniī] and for a female [إسبانية] [ʾisbāniyah].
Simon: How about “American”?
Hala: [أمريكي] [ʾamrīkī] and for a female…
Simon: [مريكية] [ʾamrīkyah]?
Hala: Perfect. And that goes for all nationalities. It’s the masculine and feminine rule.
Simon: Ok. How about you test me with some more nationalities?
Hala: Ok. So if [لبناني] [libnaānī] is “Lebanese”…
Simon: Feminine form would be [لبنانية] [libnaānyah]?
Hala: Sure. That is correct. And to say [سوري] [suūrī] which means “Sirian”?
Simon: [سورية] [suūryah] for a female?
Hala: How about [سعودي] [suʿūdī]?
Simon: That’s tricky. [سعودية] [suʿūdyah]?
Hala: That’s correct. But why did you say it’s tricky?
Simon: If I'm not mistaken, [سعودية] [suʿūdyah] is the name of the country in Arabic, is that right?
Hala: You’re right. That is just Arabic having fun with us, but good job noticing this. Ok, last two, [مغربي] [maġribī] which means “Moroccan”.
Simon: And for female [مغربية] [maġribyah]?
Hala: You’re becoming an expert. And the final one, [كويتي] [kuwayitī].
Simon: Very obvious, I think. [كويتية] [kuwayityah].
Hala: Great job, Simon.
Simon: Just remember, guys, for a male it always ends with E and for a female replace it with [ea].
Hala: Well said.

Lesson focus

Simon: Hala, can you tell us what is the word order in Arabic. For example, in English, it’s subject, verb, object. “John is eating the apple.”
Hala: Well, in Arabic it’s the same but it can also be verb, subject, object. It gives the same meaning, but the first one is more common.
Simon: Sounds great and easy enough. Same as in English, [inaudible 00:06:19] with the object. Now how about the verb “to be”?
Hala: That’s a bit tricky in Arabic and it’s confusing for all new learners - we never use the verb “to be” in present tense [inaudible 00:06:32] say it doesn’t exist in it. We do use it in future and past quite a lot but never in present. Or what you used self-introduction, expressing mood like “I'm tired, happy” and so on.
Simon: You’re going to help me with that one. Give me an example.
Hala: To say “I'm American”, for example, we literally say “I American”, [أنا أمريكي] [ʾanā ʾamriīkī]. And to say “You’re American” it will be “You American”, [أنت أمريكي] [ʾanta ʾamriīkī]. Even in the most simple of cases, to say “I'm Simon” it will be…
Simon: [أنا سايمن] [ʾanā saāīmun]
Hala: Exactly. For us, verb “to be” is already implied on part of the sentence, no need to use it. If you did, it will sound so strange for a starter, then it will give the wrong meaning.
Simon: So basically all I have to do is memorize the subject pronouns, “I, you, he, she” and so on and use it with no addition.
Hala: That is correct. Couldn’t be easier, you just need to get used to it. Again, verb “to be” will be used a lot in the future and past tenses. Now, let’s try a basic conversation. [أهلاً, أنا هالة. أنا مصرية.] [ʾahlan, ʾanā haalah. ʾanā maṣriyah.] So “I am Hala. I am Egyptian.”
Simon: [أنا سايمن, أنا أنكليزي] [ʾanā saāīmun, ʾanā ʾinkilīzī] So “I am Simon. I am English.” Great, Hala, so any last tips?
Hala: Yes. A very important one related to what we just said. Don’t try to use or find verb “to be”. Don’t try to compare Arabic to any language. The rules will be different a little bit here.

Outro

Simon: Don’t forget that you can leave us a comment on this lesson.
Hala: So if you have a question or some feedback, please leave us a comment.
Simon: It’s very easy to do. Just stop by ArabicPod101.com.
Hala: Click on ‘Comments’.
Simon: Enter your comment and name.
Hala: And that’s it!
Simon: So no excuses, we look forward to hearing from you!
Hala: Thanks for listening!
Simon: Bye!

31 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi ArabicPod101.com listeners!

Where are you from? Let's practice in Arabic!

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 08:23 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Michael,


Thank you for your feedback!


Nora

Team ArabicPod101.com

Michael.
Sunday at 07:08 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

The design of the audio lessons is really good. Simon made a mistake in his summary about word order in Arabic: he said "...or Object first". He should have said "...or Verb first". Please correct this for future beginners.

Also, fyi, the Irish language has (only) the word order: Verb, Subject, Object (if any). Irish is a Celtic language that preceded Germanic and Slavic languages, although all three named are from divisions of the Indo-European family, though many moons ago.

ArabicPod101.com
Tuesday at 02:18 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Denis,


She says:

يلا نسمع بالراحة دلوقتي

Let's listen slowly now.


Nora

Team ArabicPod101.com

Larhubarbe Denis
Friday at 10:10 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi, from 1:07 to 1:10 hala just say something in arabic. Can you write it in arabic for me please? I don`t know if i wrote it well: يلا نسمة برحاد الواة

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 03:12 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Nahom,


For example:


كان الطعام لذيذاً

The food was delicious.


Nora

Team ArabicPod101.com

Nahom
Saturday at 09:46 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

So can you give me an example of using the verb to be in the past tense

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Friday at 04:33 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Nahuel,


أهلاً!

أنا من مصر

أنا مصرية

فرصة سعيدة


Nora

Team ArabicPod101.com

Nahuel Sebastián Vento
Monday at 08:04 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello, everyone. I hope you are doing fine. I'm Nahuel and I'm from Buenos Aires, Argentina. I'm learning Arabic on my own because I like languages a lot. I hope that what I write is just fine in Arabic. See yoU!


انا من ارجنتينه

انا ارجنتيني

فرصه سعيده

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 09:00 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Josevaldo,


Welcome to our website and thanks for your question!

Take a look at our ultimate Arabic pronunciation series and that should answer all your questions!


https://www.arabicpod101.com/index.php?cat=61


Nora

Team ArabicPod101.com

Josevaldo Costa Aragao
Wednesday at 08:48 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Simon and Hala! My name's Josevaldo and I have a question. What are the international real sounds for the Arabic alphabet letters, please? Very often, they make me confuse because there are teachers who teach me for example:


Letter "B" > Sounds (Ba or Beh) I mean, open sound... could you please help me to learn the right sound, thank you!