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Lesson Transcript

Ahlan bikom, ana Carole! Welcome to Arabicpod101.com’s Abjadiyyah Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Arabic alphabet - the Abjadiyyah!
In the previous lesson, we introduced some more letters that look alike. We've already learned several, but do you remember how to read and write them? Taking the time to review the lessons will be the key to learning how to write in Arabic!
In this lesson, we’ll learn 2 letters that look alike, and also kind of look like the 2 letters in the previous lesson. Then we'll learn a few more words for you to add to your notebook. Ready to learn? Then let’s go!
Our first letter is “ر”!
Its closest English counterpart is the letter R, but it is a different sound that must be learned. ر It’s not too hard to pronounce though, right? Note how it looks like the د, but dips beneath the line. Make sure not to confuse them.
Here’s the Isolated form:
Now let’s take a look at the other forms.
Just like the Alef, Dal, and Dhaal, the letters in this lesson connect differently. The isolated one is like the initial form, and the medial version is like the final one.
Now we’ll write it.
The second letter we'll learn in this lesson looks pretty familiar: “ز”. As you can see, it looks similar to the ر, but with a dot on top. In terms of pronunciation, you say it just like the English Z, as in “Zebra” or “Al Jazeera(ال جزيرة)”. Practice saying “Al Jazeera” if you want to practice both the sounds ر and ز at the same time! It’s the perfect word for it! الجزيرة
Here’s how to write the isolated version.
Start from the top, dip it down the line, then put a dot on top. Done!
Now let's take a look at the other forms of “ز”. You can probably guess that the isolated version is like the initial, and the medial is like the final.
Now let's write it.
And that's all! Wow, great job today.
We'll continue learning more letters in the next lesson, but for now let's practice using these letters in some new words.
First up is a word that uses two of our new letters – try reading it out loud. It should be easy. جزر
[short pause] It's pronounced “Jazar” and means “carrot”.
The ج is connected to the ز, but the ر and the ز aren’t connected to each other, because they are in medial and final positions.
Now let's try writing it.
جزر (cursive)
Now let's try to write another word. It’s “رد”, meaning “reply”, like when you’re replying to an email or message or someone talking.
This verb uses only two letters and both are written like isolated letters.
Let’s write it.
رد! (cursive)
The last word we have in this lesson is the verb “زار” which means “visited”.
Note how all the 3 letters in this word connect differently, and so they are all isolated.
Let’s write it together!
Now it's time for Carole's Tips.
Grouping letters into those with similar characteristics makes memorizing them much easier. Just make sure you don’t confuse them. Some letters look very much alike - the only difference is dots and their position. By reading more, you’ll get used to the difference between the letters and their pronunciation. Good luck!
In the next lesson, we’ll be doing a review of the letters we’ve learned so far. And we’ll also give some detailed explanations about the little things we didn’t cover in the past lessons, for the sake of focusing on writing and pronunciation. Let’s get more in depth in the next lesson!


Please to leave a comment.
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Friday at 06:30 PM
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What words can you write using Ra or Zayn?

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:31 PM
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Salaam Ahmed,

Did you finish the lessons completely?

Kind regards,

Levente (ليفينتي)

Team ArabicPod101.com

Wednesday at 12:54 PM
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am not sure why I have 0 Hours Studied

Thursday at 06:05 AM
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Hi Kylie,

The Arabic R is a bit rolled but not as much as Spanish Rs are. I think with the one practice is the only way through 😅


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Friday at 11:55 AM
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Thank you for this lesson. Can you point to any other resources about the pronunciation of ر? I am having trouble getting the hang of it and don't want to teach myself any unhelpful habits. 😄

Monday at 09:40 PM
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Hi Thomas,

Sorry for the late reply. It all depends on the letter following it. Observe the following words:



See how the nuun was isolated in the first one and initial in the second one? That's because of the letter after the nuun, which connects to the previous letter.


Team ArabicPod101.com

Monday at 02:05 AM
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Hey, can you answer my question, please?

Thank you:)

Friday at 03:30 AM
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Hello, I have a question regarding 4:16:

Which of the two is correct:

a) When an intermediate letter (here: Alif) is preceded by a letter that is written in the isolated form (here: Ra), this intermediate letter is written in the isolated form too.


b) When an intermediate letter is preceded by a letter that is written in the isolated form, this intermediate letter is written in the beginning form.

Actually here, this does not make any difference, because for the alif, the isolated and beginning forms are the same.

Thank you for explaining!

Tuesday at 02:04 AM
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Hi Ana,

No, it doesn't.


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Monday at 02:04 PM
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Doesn’t Zara mean seed

Wednesday at 04:11 AM
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Hi Maria,

Please send us an email to contactus@arabicpod101.com and we will try to help you!


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