Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Ahlan bikom, ana Carole! Welcome to Arabicpod101.com’s Abjadiyyah Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Arabic alphabet – the Abjadiyyah!
In the previous lesson, we introduced 3 letters that look alike, except for some minor differences. Some were totally different. Two of them were the first 2 letters of the 8 sounds that don’t have English counterparts. Do you remember how to write them? Make sure that you feel confident about the characters from past lessons before you move on!
In this lesson, we'll continue by learning 2 more letters that look alike. After that, we'll learn a few more words to add to your notebook. Ready? Let’s go!
Our first letter is “د”!
It’s just like the English D. Very easy to pronounce, and easy to write as well!
Here’s the isolated form:
It is a single stroke. You start from the top, and then form a right angle. And that’s it! Done!
Now we’ll write it.
بد (Medial or Final)
Just like the Alef we learned, the Initial form of this letter is just like its isolated form, and the medial form is like the final form.
The second letter we'll learn in this lesson looks like the previous letter, د. It’s the “ذ”.
Note how it does not dip beneath the line. We’ll learn 2 letters in the next lesson that dip beneath the line. That’s why you should make sure you differentiate between them. This letter is like the “T-H” sound in the word “This”. Do you remember that we learned another letter corresponding to the English T-H sound? It was ث and it’s pronounced as a silent [th] (/θ/) as in THief. This letter’s pronunciation is a voiced sound [th] (/ð/), as in THis and THat. /ð/, /ð/. It’s pronounced with the tongue between the upper and lower teeth. It is quite easy to pronounce.
Here’s how to write the isolated version.
Now let's see how it looks like in its other forms.
As you can see, it’s just like its look-alike, د. The initial form is the same as the isolated, and the medial form is the same as the final. If you know how to write د then you just need to add a dot to write ذ.
Handwriting time.
ذ (Initial, isolated)
خذ (medial, final)
We'll continue learning more letters next time, but for now, let's practice using these letters in some new words.
First up is the word “جد”. It means “grandfather”. That’s the Jim we learned in the previous lesson, in initial form, connected to the Dal we learned in this lesson, in its final form. Ok, now try writing it.
Let's start with the Jim, then connect it to the Dal.
Great job!
Let’s try another word. “إذا” means “if”. We learned the alef in the first lesson, and the thal in this lesson. Here you can see that little mark from lesson 1 is now at the bottom of alef and has changed the sound to an I. Don't worry too much about it for now! Now let's try writing it by hand.
“إذا” (Initial)
Now it's time for Carole's Tips.
Handwriting is kind of like a signature in every language, and no two people's handwriting is the same. It’s better to learn the basics and the standard form of the alphabet, and get used to it first, then develop your own style.
Good luck!
That’s it for this lesson. In the next lesson, we'll meet our next 2 letters, which look a lot like the letters from this lesson!