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Lesson Transcript

Ahlan bikom, ana Carole! Welcome to Arabicpod101.com’s Abjadiyyah Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Arabic alphabet: the Abjadiyyah!
In the last lesson, we learned م and ن which comes after ك and ل just like K, L, M and N in the English alphabet.
In this lesson, we’ll learn 2 letters that are going to help you to better understand an important aspect of the Arabic language, feminine and masculine words. These should help you conjugate verbs and adjectives easily. These two letters are ه and ة Are you ready to write them? Then let’s go!
Let’s start with our first letter, ه. This letter sounds just like the English “H”. And it should be pretty easy to pronounce. Try it: ه.
Let’s write it in its isolated form: ه
Let’s look at the other forms of ه
Initial: ( هَرَم )
Medial: ( نَهر )
Final: ( اللَّه )
Unlike the ط and ظ we learned in lesson 9, every version of this letter looks different.
Pay attention, here’s how to write them: ه
The next letter for this lesson is ة. As you can see, this letter looks very similar to the previous letter, but this one has 2 dots on top.
This letter can only exist at the end of a word. This means that it can only be in the final or in the isolated form. Both forms are written just like their look-alike letter, ه, but with the 2 additional dots. ة can also be tricky because its pronunciation varies depending on its position in a sentence. It can be either an H or a T. The rule of thumb is that as long as the word is pronounced alone and not in a sentence, then it’s pronounced as an H.
Let’s try writing them: ة
Isolated: ( مَرَّة )
Final: ( قِطَّة )
When you see this letter appearing at the end of any word, it means that this word is feminine, be it a noun or an adjective. Keep this in mind, because it’s going to help you a lot when you start learning Arabic grammar.
And that’s it for this lesson’s letters! I hope this wasn’t too complicated! Now let’s learn a couple of new words using the new letters we’ve just learned!
Our first word is “سَهل” meaning “easy”! Here we have an initial س with a fatha on top, connected to a ه in medial form which is connected to ل in the final form.
Let’s see how to write it:
Next we have “لُغَة” a very important word, meaning “language”! ل is in the initial form with a dammah on top, connected to a medial غ with a fatha on top, connected to a ة in the final form.
Let’s write it:
Now it's time for Carole’s Tips.
You may be thinking that we've already learned Ta in an earlier lesson. You're right! In the second lesson we learned ت which looks like this, remember? The name is the same and it's pronounced the same. So why do we even have this new ة?
It's because the Ta we learned in this lesson is used as a grammatical marker. Like I said before, when a word ends with this letter it means it's a feminine word. So you may be confused about it now, but when you get into more complicated Arabic grammar you will find it very helpful!
Great! We’ve covered a lot in the previous lessons, but don’t worry if you can’t remember some of the minor details, because we’ll be reviewing everything we learned in the next Abjadiyyah Made Easy Lesson. Take care! Salam!