Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
In this lesson we’re going to continue with counting from 11 to 100.
GRAMMAR POINT
Let’s just quickly review 0-10.
0 sefr
1 waḥed
waḥda if the thing you’re counting is feminine.
next we have:
2 etneen
3 talata
4 arbaʿa
5 ḫamsa
6 seta
7 sabaʿa
8 tamanya
9 tesaʿa
10 ʿashara
Now let’s continue with 11 to 20.
11 ḥedaashar
(slow) ḥedaashar
ḥedaashar
This word may sound very difficult when you first hear it, but in reality it is very simple.
Here are the next numbers.
12 etnaashar
(slow) etnaashar
etnaashar
13 talattaashar
(slow) talattaashar
talattaashar
14 arbaʿtaashar
(slow) arbaʿtaashar
arbaʿtaashar
15 ḫamastaashar
(slow) ḫamastaashar
ḫamastaashar
16 settaashar
(slow) settaashar
settaashar
17 sabaʿtaashar
(slow) sabaʿtaashar
sabaʿtaashar
18 tamantaashar
(slow) tamantaashar
tamantaashar
19 tesaʿtaashar
(slow) tesaʿtaashar
tesaʿtaashar
20 ʿeshreen
(slow) ʿeshreen
ʿeshreen
Basically, you have to memorize 11 and 12 the way they are, because they don’t really have a rule. However, from 13 to 19, you can form the number by adding taashar to the numbers we learned in the last lesson - from 3 to 9. For example, “three” is talata, so 13 will be talattaashar. And the number “20”, ʿeshreen literally means “two tens.”
Let’s count the tens from ten to one hundred, so we can see the similarities.
10 ʿashara
(slow) ʿashara
ʿashara
20 ʿeshreen
(slow) ʿeshreen
ʿeshreen
30 talateen
(slow) talateen
talateen
40 ‘arbeʿeen
(slow)‘arbeʿeen
‘arbeʿeen
50 ḫamseen
(slow)ḫamseen
ḫamseen
60 setteen
(slow) setteen
setteen
70 sabʿeen
(slow) sabʿeen
sabʿeen
80 tamaneen
(slow) tamaneen
tamaneen
90 tesʿeen
(slow) tesʿeen
tesʿeen
Finally, we have meyya, which is “one hundred.”
100 meyya
(slow) meyya
meyya
Now that we learned the tens, let’s learn counting the numbers that are in between.
21 sounds like this: wahed w ʿeshreen.
The whole number is wahed w ʿeshreen, which is literally translated as “one and twenty”.
Let’s make some sentences using numbers now.
Here is the first one:
“I am twenty-one years old.”
ana ʿandi waḥed w ʿeshreen sana.
Let’s break it down:
(slow) ana ʿandi waḥed w ʿeshreen sana.
Once again:
ana ʿandi waḥed w ʿeshreen sana.
أنا عندي واحد و عشرين سنة
ana, as we’ve learned many times before, means “I”.
ʿandi’ is used to mean “to have.”, but grammatically, it is actually a preposition and a pronoun in Arabic.
(slow) ʿandi
ʿandi
The next word, waḥed, means “one”
(slow) waḥed.
waḥed.
The next word, w, means “and”
(slow) w.
w.
The next word, ʿeshreen, means “twenty”
(slow) ʿeshreen.
ʿeshreen.
The next word, sana, means “year”
(slow) sana.
sana.
Altogether, we have
ana ʿandi waḥed w ʿeshreen sana.
Let’s try making the Egyptian Arabic word for “fifty–three.” “Fifty” is ḫamseen and “three” is talata. Putting them together, we have talata w ḫamseen or “fifty-three.”
Remember that w means “and”.
Let’s break it down:
(slow) talata w ḫamseen
And once more:
talata w ḫamseen.
تلاتة و خمسين
Let’s use talata w ḫamseen to say “I have fifty-three pounds”:
maʿaaya talata w ḫamseen geneeh
Let’s break that down:
(slow) maʿaaya talata w ḫamseen geneeh.
And at natural speed:
maʿaaya talata w ḫamseen geneeh
معايا تلاتة و خمسين جنيه
.
We’ve already learned that “a hundred” in Egyptian Arabic is meyya. Let’s see the hundreds from 100 to 1000:
100 meyya
(slow) meyya
meyya
200 meteen
(slow) meteen
meteen
300 toltomeyya
(slow) toltomeyya
toltomeyya
400 robʿomeyya
(slow) robʿomeyya
robʿomeyya
500 ḫomsomeyya
(slow) ḫomsomeyya
ḫomsomeyya
600 sottomeyya
(slow) sottomeyya
sottomeyya
700 sobʿomeyya
(slow) sobʿomeyya
sobʿomeyya
800 tomnomeyya
(slow) tomnomeyya
tomnomeyya
900 tosʿomeyya
(slow) tosʿomeyya
tosʿomeyya
1000 alf
(slow) alf
alf
Now let’s see some compound numbers together:
360 is toltomeyya w setteen.
(slow) toltomeyya w setteen.
toltomeyya w setteen.
تلتمية و ستين
As we said, toltomeyya is “300”, w is “and” and setteen is “60”.
So “300” is tolto meyya, “400” is robʿo meyya and so on.
Note how all the vowels in the numbers before meyya turn into “o”

3 Comments

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ArabicPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hi Listeners! How was this lesson? Is it hard to count in Egyptian Arabic?

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 06:00 AM
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Hi Rosalie,


Glad you liked it! The Egyptian dialect originates from Modern Standard Arabic but it's actually very different! That's why you have to study each of them separately. Good luck!


Nora

Team ArabicPod101.com

Rosalie
Sunday at 04:39 PM
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wow, really like egyptian dialect. thanks for the course