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Lesson Transcript

Marḥaban ǧamīʿan, ʾanā Carole! Hi everybody! I’m Carole.
Welcome to ArabicPod101.com’s Al-ʿarabiyyah fi ṯalāṯi daqāʾiq. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Arabic.
In the last lesson, we learned how to talk about nationalities and we learned the word ʾayna which means “where”. This word is also used to talk about location, so it's very useful!
When you want to know where something or someone is, you use the word ʾayna in Arabic.
For example, when someone asks you on the phone ʾayna ʾanta? That means "Where are you?".
Let's break it down.
ʾayna means "Where"
ʾanta is "you.” As you noticed there is no verb in this sentence, so the verb “to be” is not needed, it is just implied. And ʾanta, as you know, is the masculine word for "you", so for a girl we say: ʾayna ʾanti?
Answering this question is very easy! You just say ʾanā + fī + the place where you are.
Ana means “I” and fī is “in”.
Then you add the place. So for example, you can say ʾanā fī ʾīṭālyah which is "I am in Italy"
[slowly] ʾanā fī ʾīṭālyah.
Now let’s see a few other possible answers with I:
"I am at the office" would be ʾanā fī al-maktab
"I am in a meeting" would be ʾanā fī ʾiǧtimāʿ
"I am in a store" would be ʾanā fī matǧar
Do you know how to say “I am here!”? It’s very easy! You just say ʾanā hunā!
The English verb “to be” in Arabic is not needed, so nouns or pronouns alone are enough. Let’s review a few of the versions we’ve seen so far.
Min ʾayna ʾanta? where are you from?
Ma hiya ǧinsiyyatuka? what is your nationality?
ʾAyna ʾanta? where are you?
ʾAnā fī matǧar
ʾAnā min ʾīṭālyah
ʾAnā fī ʾīṭālyah
ʾAnā ʾīṭālī
ʾAnā alone is enough to mean “I am”, followed by the words ‘in’, ‘from’, ‘with’...and a noun.
11 Now it’s time for Carole’s tips.
Another way to use the “non-existent” verb ‘to be’ is in a convenient question for when you are lost in the street, for example. ʾAnā lā ʾaʿlamu ʾayna ʾanā, mumkin ʾan tusāʿidanī, min faḍlika?
This means “I don’t know where I am, can you help me please?”
(One more time, slowly: ʾanā lā ʾaʿlamu ʾayna ʾanā, mumkin ʾan tusāʿidanī min faḍlika? )
In this lesson we learned how to talk about your location. Next time, we’ll learn how to talk about ages, also by using a sentence without a verb in Arabic. So do you want to know how to ask somebody’s age? I’ll be waiting for you in the next Al-ʿarabiyyah fi ṯalāṯi daqāʾiq!
ʾilā al-liqāʾi fi al-ʾumṯūlati al-qādimah!
See you in the next lesson!

10 Comments

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ArabicPod101.com
Saturday at 05:50 AM
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Hi جواكيم


أنا في مصر!


Nora

Team ArabicPod101.com

جواكيم سيلفا
Sunday at 12:59 AM
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أنا في لندن

أنا أنتاِ ؟ 😅

ArabicPod101.com
Wednesday at 08:55 AM
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Hi D,


Glad you do! Thanks for the kind feedback!


Nora

Team ArabicPod101.com

d
Sunday at 10:39 AM
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I like Carole's tips.

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:43 AM
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Hi Dominik,


أهلاً دومينيك! أنا نورا

سررت بلقائك!


Nora

Team ArabicPod101.com

Dominik
Sunday at 02:53 AM
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:) مرحباً. أنا إسمى دومينيك. أنا بولندي


Marhaban. Ana ismi Dominic. Ana Bulandi. - phonetic description in Arabic

Dominik
Sunday at 02:48 AM
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Hello. My name is Dominic. I'm polish.


:) مرحباً. أنا إسمى دومينيك. أنا بولندي

Dominik
Sunday at 02:47 AM
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:) مرحباً. أنا إسمى دومينيك. أنا بولندي.


Hello. My name is Dominic. I'm polish.

ArabicPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 05:07 PM
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Hi Pietro,


It's great to have you here!

Thank you a lot for your comment!

We're doing our best to provide you the best material ever to learn languages, soyour cheerful comment is a great reward!

Have a nice day!


Cheers

Mélanie

Team ArabicPod101.com

pietro
Saturday at 04:19 PM
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I'm studying your beginner's audio lessons... this definitely the best and most complete resource I've found so far on internet. Shukran jiddan, m3 salama!