Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina: Hi everyone, I’m Gina.
Hala: And I’m Hala!
Gina: And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Arabic Vocabulary, Lesson 20! In this lesson you'll learn 5 essential words related to Health and Emergencies. These are five natural disasters in the Arab world. Hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at ArabicPod101.com
FIVE KEY VOCABULARY ITEMS
Gina: Hala, what’s our first word?
Hala: عاصفة رملية
Gina: sand storm
Hala: (slow) عاصفة رملية (regular) عاصفة رملية
Gina: Listeners, please repeat:
Hala: عاصفة رملية
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina: Sand storms are common in the desert, but they never reach cities in Egypt. They do, however, in the Arab Gulf countries. -
Gina: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Hala: (normal) العَوَاصِف الرَملِيَّة قَليلاً ما تَحدُث في مِصر.
Gina: Sand storms aren't common in Egypt.
Hala: (slow) العَوَاصِف الرَملِيَّة قَليلاً ما تَحدُث في مِصر.
Gina: Okay, what’s the next word?
Hala: فيضان
Gina: flood
Hala: (slow) فيضان (regular) فيضان
Gina: Listeners, please repeat:
Hala: فيضان
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina: The Nile used to flood Egypt every year, and was instrumental in the development of ancient Egyptian civilization.-
Gina: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Hala: (normal) الفَيَضانات كانَت مُتَكَرِّرَة في مِصر في الماضي حَتّى بِناء السَد العالي.
Gina: Floods were very common in the past in Egypt, until the High Dam was built.
Hala: (slow) الفَيَضانات كانَت مُتَكَرِّرَة في مِصر في الماضي حَتّى بِناء السَد العالي.
Gina: Okay, what’s the next word?
Hala: جفاف
Gina: drought
Hala: (slow) جفاف (regular) جفاف
Gina: Listeners, please repeat:
Hala: جفاف
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina: Egypt experienced drought frequently before the High Dam was built. Today the High Dam acts as a reservoir for the Nile River. -
Gina: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Hala: (normal) الكَثيرُ مِن الدُوَل الإفريقِيَّة تُعاني مِن الجفافِ كَثيراً.
Gina: Many African countries often suffer from drought.
Hala: (slow) الكَثيرُ مِن الدُوَل الإفريقِيَّة تُعاني مِن الجفافِ كَثيراً.
Gina: Okay, what’s the next word?
Hala: زلازل
Gina: earthquake
Hala: (slow) زلازل (regular) زلازل
Gina: Listeners, please repeat:
Hala: زلازل
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina: Earthquakes aren't very common in Egypt or the Middle East, so people are not fully prepared for this disaster.
Gina: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Hala: (normal) زِلزال خمسة و تسعون كانَت قُوَّتُهُ سبعَة فاصِلَة وْاحِد رِختَر.
Gina: The 1995 Egypt earthquake was a 7.1 magnitude earthquake
Hala: (slow) زِلزال خمسة و تسعون كانَت قُوَّتُهُ سبعَة فاصِلَة وْاحِد رِختَر.
Gina: Okay, what’s the last word?
Hala: حريق
Gina: fire
Hala: (slow) حريق (regular) حريق
Gina: Listeners, please repeat:
Hala: حريق
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina: Many important books were lost when the "Institut d'Egypte" was set on fire during the revolution in Egypt. -
Gina: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Hala: (normal) هُناكَ مَحَطَّةُ إطفاء قُرب مَحَطَّةِ مِترو العَتَبَة في القاهِرَة.
Gina: There is a big fire station next to Attaba metro station in Cairo.
Hala: (slow) هُناكَ مَحَطَّةُ إطفاء قُرب مَحَطَّةِ مِترو العَتَبَة في القاهِرَة.
QUIZ
Gina: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Hala will give you the Arabic – please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Hala: عاصفة رملية
[pause]Gina: sand storm
Hala: فيضان
[pause]Gina: flood
Hala: جفاف
[pause]Gina: drought
Hala: زلازل
[pause]Gina: earthquake
Hala: حريق
[pause]Gina: fire

Outro

Gina: There you have it – five natural disasters in the Arab world! We have more vocab lists available at ArabicPod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Hala: Bye.

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